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Haeinsa is one of the Three Jewels Temples, and represents Dharma or the Buddha’s teachings. The main hall, Daejeokkwangjeon (대적광전, 大寂光殿: Hall of Great Silence and Light), is unusual because it is dedicated to Vairocana, whereas most other Korean temples house images of Gautama Buddha in their main halls. Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon Characteristics. The temple was first built in 802. They are some of the largest wooden storage facilities in the world. The original set of woodblocks was destroyed by fire during the Mongol invasions of Korea in 1232, when Goryeo's capital was moved to Ganghwa Island during nearly three decades of Mongol incursions, although scattered parts of its prints still remain. The woodblocks are currently housed in the Haeinsa Temple, which is located in the southeast of Korea (Fig. Haeinsa (해인사, 海印寺: Temple of the Ocean Mudra) is a head temple of the Jogye Order (대한불교조계종, 大韓佛敎 曹溪宗) of Korean Seon Buddhism in Gayasan National Park (가야산, 伽倻山), South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. As a result, the king ordered the temple to be built out of gratitude to Buddha’s mercy. The name Goryeo Tripiṭaka comes from "Goryeo", the name of Korea from the 10th to the 14th centuries. The roof is also made with clay and the bracketing and wood rafters prevent sudden changes in temperature. After independence, when the Korean War broke out, Haeinsa encountered a crisis. The Temple of Haeinsa, on Mount Kaya, is home to the Tripitaka Koreana, the most complete collection of Buddhist texts, engraved on 80,000 woodblocks between 1237 and 1248. Therefore, each block, counting both sides, contained a total of 644 characters. Additionally, there are two small halls on the east and west which house two small libraries. The buildings of the Janggyeong Panjeon at Haeinsa Temple World Heritage Site The Tripitaka Koreana is a Korean collection of the Tripitaka, or the Buddhist scriptures. UNESCO added the temple of Haeinsa, the depositories for the "Tripitaka Koreana" Woodblocks, to the World Heritage List in 1995. [2] The compilers of the Korean version incorporated older Northern Song Chinese, Khitan, and Goryeo versions, and added content written by respected Korean monks. They also survived 7 other major fires that affected the temple. Before reaching the main temple we passed by this site which at first I honestly had no idea what it … The main worship hall was rebuilt in 1818 during the late Joseon (Chosôn) dynasty, on the foundations of the one built a thousand years earlier by Haeinsa's two original monks. Download preview. Apparently, animals, insects, and birds avoid the complex but the reason for this is unknown. Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the Depositories for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks: Location: Hapcheon County, South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea, Korean Peninsula : Heritage designation: Historic sites of South Korea (504, 2009–) 35° 48′ 00″ N, 128° 06′ 00″ E. [3] Remarkably, the halls were untouched during the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98) and were spared from the 1818 fire that burned most of the temple complex down. The buildings of Janggyeong Panjeon, which date from the 15th century, were constructed to house the woodblocks, which are also revered as exceptional works of art. Only the Tripitaka library at the rear of the complex, built in 1488, escaped damage. In gratitude for Gautama Buddha's mercy, the king ordered the construction of the temple. [2][20] Scholars can get an idea of the older Chinese and Khitan versions of the Tripiṭaka from the Korean version today. The storage complex was built at the highest point of the temple and is 655 meters above sea level. Janggyeong Panjeon faces southwest to avoid damp southeasterly winds from the valley below and is blocked from the cold north wind by mountain peaks. UN forces were ordered to bomb Haeinsa with four bombers. Gayasan, Hapcheon-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do Province. Janggyeong Panjeon complex is the oldest part of the temple and houses the 81,258 wooden printing blocks from the Tripiṭaka Koreana. The architects also utilized nature to help preserve the Tripitaka. The consistency of the style, and some sources, suggests that a single man carved the entire collection but it is now believed that a team of 30 men carved the Tripiṭaka.[2][20]. Haeinsa (해인사, "Reflections on a Smooth Sea") is an important Buddhist temple on Gaya Mountain in Gyeongsang province, South Korea.Founded in the 9th century and rebuilt in the 19th century, it is best known for its complete copy of the Buddhist scriptures, the Tripitaka Koreana(팔만 대장경 or 고려 대장경)Buddhist Scriptures carved on the wood. 15-16. Haeinsa Temple Origin. The Temple of Haeinsa and the Depositories for the "Tripitaka Koreana" Woodblocks, were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1995. Legend says that two Korean monks Suneung and Ijeong, returned from China and healed Aejang of Silla's wife of her illness. [1] Another renovation in 1964 uncovered a royal robe of Gwanghaegun of Joseon, who was responsible for the 1622 renovation, and an inscription on a ridge beam. Delve into Korea’s natural and cultural history on this full-day trip to Haeinsa Temple. The buildings of Janggyeong Pangeon, which date from the 15th century, were constructed to house the woodblocks, which are also revered as exceptional works of art. Haeinsa Temple holds the Tripitaka Koreana - 81340 carved woodblocks with the complete Buddhist scriptures UN forces were ordered to bomb the temple to eradicate the fighters. [15], The Tripiṭaka Koreana is the 32nd National Treasure of South Korea, and Haeinsa, the depository for the Tripiṭaka Koreana, has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [20] Upon completing the Tripiṭaka Koreana, Sugi published 30 volumes of Additional Records which recorded errors, redundancies, and omissions he found during his comparisons of the different versions of the Tripiṭaka. [16] Thousands of scholars and craftsmen were employed in this massive project. 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