how did fred hampton die

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This is some of Fred Hampton in his own words. Book - Non-fiction. While a student Hampton became active in the civil rights movement. The original content of this program is licensed under a. I came from a progressive family, but also it was a segregated South. After I was pulled out of the room, two policemen entered the room, and one of them said, 'Is he dead yet?' And Hanrahan became defensive and told the story that you just saw. It said that the refusal of the surviving Black Panthers to cooperate hampered the investigation, and that the press "improperly and grossly exaggerated stories". The Assassination of Fred Hampton is his book, How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther. He said that Chicago was worse off without Hampton: Of course, there's also the legacy that, without a young leader, I think the West Side of Chicago degenerated a lot into drugs. [34] Verlina Brewer, Ronald "Doc" Satchel, Blair Anderson, and Brenda Harris were seriously wounded,[34] then beaten and dragged into the street. He would have achieved this position had he not been killed on December 4, 1969. This is a rush transcript. And basically his political career ended on December 4th, just at the time when he thought it would rise. You understand me? I might be anywhere. With no education, the people will take the local foundation and start stealing money, because they won’t be really educated to why it’s the people’s thing anyway. AMY GOODMAN: So, go back in time with us 40 years ago. Akua Njeri says she remembers it was “seriously cold” the night her then-boyfriend Fred Hampton, 21, was killed in his sleep in a raid organized by the Cook County State’s Attorney. printing press studio by attorney Jeffrey Haas. We were in our bed. It was reported to have been the longest federal trial up to that time. [65] G. Flint Taylor, one of the attorneys representing the plaintiffs, said: "The settlement is an admission of the conspiracy that existed between the F.B.I. [6], The blue-ribbon panel convened for the inquest on January 6, 1970. In the early 1990s, Deborah Johnson was interviewed about the raid by Jose Cha Cha Jimenez, former president and co-founder of the Young Lords Organization. Did you know that you can get Democracy Now! Its tactics included psychological warfare, forging documents, perjury, withholding evidence, and phone tapping to name a few. And I think we started it with a sense of collectivity. It includes no narration, relying solely on footage shot from within the Black Panther organization and portraying Hampton and his colleagues on their own terms. "[66] An Assistant United States Attorney, Robert Gruenberg, said that the settlement was intended to avoid another costly trial and it was not an admission of guilt or responsibility by any of the defendants.[66]. On December 4, 1969, at 4:00am, 14 heavily armed policemen split into 2 teams, stormed into Fred Hampton’s apartment shooting wildly (Taylor, 2016). Her son Fred Hampton Jr. is sitting on her lap as she describes how his father was killed. Then they opened fire on Hamptons bedroom where he laid unconscious from the drug. They adopted fake identities and decided to pursue covert activities only. This is how he described what happened. Fred Hampton. Hampton’s wife who was 8 and a half months pregnant was also shot but she and the baby lived. While authorities claimed the Panthers had opened fire on the police who were there to serve a search warrant for weapons, evidence later emerged that told a very different story: that the FBI, the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office and the Chicago police conspired to assassinate Fred Hampton. And in terms of the legacy of Hampton—obviously Bobby Rush, who later became a congressman in Chicago, still is a congressman—what has been in Chicago the way that the political establishment has dealt with the reality of this assassination and of the historical impact of Fred Hampton? FRED HAMPTON: So we say—we always say in the Black Panther Party that they can do anything they want to to us. He made people feel powerful and that they could bring about change. JUAN GONZÁLEZ: As I recall, a lot of the bullets were shot from the floor below, as well, as they were—. When there was no answer, he knocked with his gun. Fred Hampton was killed during a police raid on December 4, 1969. [13][14], In November 1969, Hampton traveled to California and met with the National BPP leadership at UCLA. [57] On December 23, Toman announced four additions to the jury, who included two African-American men: physician Theodore K. Lawless and attorney Julian B. Wilkins, the son of J. Ernest Wilkins, Sr.[57] He said the four were selected from a group of candidates submitted to his office by groups and individuals representing both Chicago's black and white communities. Fred Hampton Jr. standing at the mural for his father, Fred Hampton, and other Chicago members of the Black Panther Party. You dig what I’m saying? Fred Hampton, deputy chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party, was born on August 30, 1948 and raised in the Chicago suburb of Maywood, Illinois.In high school he excelled in academics and athletics. He was an alternative to that. He ran for congressman. They stopped shooting. Kids know the lines are drawn: revolution is touching all of our lives. These initially included preparations for a bombing of a U.S. military non-commissioned officers' dance at Fort Dix, New Jersey, in what Brian Flanagan said had been intended to be "the most horrific hit the United States government had ever suffered on its territory".[77]. Black people need some peace. is a 501(c)3 non-profit news organization. JEFFREY HAAS: When we gathered the evidence—and you can tell which way a bullet enters, from the smaller hole, and exits with a larger hole and the wood splayed outward—it became clear that, as I said, ninety shots came in, and at most one, a vertical shot, went out. [62] Jury foreman James T. Hicks stated that they could not consider the charges made by surviving Black Panthers who had been in the apartment; they had told reporters that the police entered the apartment shooting. [49][50], Jack Challem, editor of the Wright College News, the student newspaper at Wright Junior College in Chicago, had visited the apartment on Saturday, December 6, as it was unsecured. FBI document, May 27, 1969, "Director FBI to SAC San Francisco", available at the FBI reading room. Much of the first half of "A Nation of Law? Today marks the 40th anniversary of the death of Black Panther leader Fred Hampton. So, very much like this table, although a smaller one, I was sitting there, and I looked at this woman, and she was still crying, and I said, “What happened?” And she said, “Well, the pigs came in shooting. In exchange for having his felony charges dropped and a monthly stipend, O'Neal agreed to infiltrate the BPP as a counterintelligence operative. And without leaders like Fred Hampton, I think the gangs and the drugs became much more prevalent on the West Side. [65] It took years to get to trial, which lasted 18 months. "[58] Gus Savage said that such a man to whom the community could relate need not be black. As a youth, Hampton was gifted both in the classroom and athletically, and he hoped to play center field for the New York Yankees. White people need some peace. She was in bed with Fred when the police raided the apartment. On Dec. 4, 1969 Fred Hampton was assassinated while sleeping in his bed by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State's Attorney's Office, in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. JUAN GONZÁLEZ: That was Ed Hanrahan, the Cook County state’s attorney. We might not be back. After more than 18 months of testimony and at the close of the Plaintiff's case, Judge Perry dismissed the case. We’re going to have to struggle relentlessly to bring about some peace, because the people that we’re asking for peace, they are a bunch of megalomaniac warmongers, and they don’t even understand what peace means. Achievements. So I—Hanrahan had given orders—Hanrahan, the police were assigned to him—not to allow anyone to see them. This is how she described the raid. So, that morning, which was exactly 40 years ago this morning, just about this time, I went to see the survivors. It is directed and produced by Shaka King, from a screenplay by King and Will Berson, and a story by King, Berson, and Kenny and Keith Lucas. But when I leave, you’ll remember I said, with the last words on my lips, that I am a revolutionary. [43], At a press conference the next day, the police announced the arrest team had been attacked by the "violent" and "extremely vicious" Panthers and had defended themselves accordingly. The photograph had two black dots on it, and he says, “These are the gunshots that Fred Hampton fired.” We invited the press out there. The pigs, they started shooting again. So I think that that's unfortunately another legacy of Fred's murder. "Second Cop in Gun Battle Dies, Wounded Describe Nightmare". In early November, Hampton traveled to California on a speaking engagement to the UCLA Law Students Association. Exactly 48 years ago, Black Panthers Fred Hampton, 21, and Mark Clark, 22, were shot to death by Chicago police. I just knew we’d be dead, everybody in there. So, internally, the FBI actually took credit for this raid, for the results that Fred Hampton and Mark Clark were killed. He was noticeably gifted in academics and athletics. We say you don’t fight racism with racism. JEFFREY HAAS: Well, I grew up in the South. We’ve got to struggle with them to make them understand what peace means. It was resolved in 1982 by a settlement of $1.85 million; the City of Chicago, Cook County, and the federal government each paid one-third to a group of nine plaintiffs. When I opened the door, he was already dressed in a suit and tie and said, “The chairman’s been killed. A lot of people don’t understand the Black Panthers Party’s relationship with white mother country radicals. An augmented, 14-man team of the SAO (Special Prosecutions Unit) was organized for a pre-dawn raid; they were armed with a search warrant for illegal weapons. AMY GOODMAN: Explain his position in the Black Panthers. Today, on this 40th anniversary of his death, we spend the rest of the hour on Fred Hampton. [15] If there was a protest or a demonstration, the groups would go out, come to the event, and support each other. The footage was later released as part of the 1971 documentary The Murder of Fred Hampton. [27][28][29][30] Although Hampton was not known to take drugs, Cook County chemist Eleanor Berman would report that she ran two separate tests which each showed evidence of barbiturates in Hampton's blood. In 1967, Hampton was identified by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a radical threat. All the forces were converging, and I was very much moved by the Black Power movement, the civil rights movement. But he had this ability to unite all kinds of different groups, as you say, racial groups as well as across economic lines. Over the next year, Hampton and his friend and associates made a number of significant achievements in Chicago. AMY GOODMAN: That was Deborah Johnson, the fiancée of Fred Hampton. When he looked up, just looked up, he didn’t say a word. They offered him a position on the Central Committee as the chief of staff and asked him to serve as the national spokesman for the BPP. The Bureau released a batch of racist cartoons in the Panthers' name,[21] aimed at alienating white activists. These charges were subsequently dropped. He attempted to build what he called a rocket that would go from the Panther office to City Hall until Fred Hampton—. I heard two shots, and then the other one said, ’He’s good and dead now.’”. When Bob Brown left the Party with Kwame Ture, in the FBI-fomented SNCC/Panther split, Hampton assumed chairmanship of the Illinois state BPP. We have a pregnant woman, a pregnant sister in here!” At the time I was eight-and-a-half, nine months pregnant. They were arrested on charges of aggravated assault and the attempted murder of the officers. He was just 21 years old. In the 1999 TV mini-series The 60s, Fred Hampton appears serving free breakfast with the BPP. Michael Newton is among those writers who have concluded that Hampton was assassinated. AMY GOODMAN: I want ask—just play for a minute a response—get your response to Cook County State’s Attorney Edward Hanrahan. [6] State's attorney Edward Hanrahan said the verdict was recognition "of the truthfulness of our police officers' account of the events". [31], The raid was organized by the office of Cook County State's Attorney Edward Hanrahan, using officers attached to his office. Deborah Johnson was the fiancée of Fred Hampton. [citation needed]. And there was evidence that Fred Hampton was drugged. O'Neal left at this point, and, at about 1:30 a.m., December 4, Hampton fell asleep mid-sentence talking to his mother on the telephone. Within the movement, and I think that that ’ s good and dead now. ’ ” Hampton have. 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